Haiti Earthquake on OpenStreetMap

In last week’s blog post I casually mentioned the Haiti earthquake, and how we had a little project going on, to improve the map of the area on OpenStreetMap. Since then the scale of the disaster has become clearer to me. 200,000 feared dead, and the story has been top of the news headlines all week. In keeping with this, the response by the OpenStreetMap community has been impressive, with massive mapping progress in a very short space of time. What started out for me as a little casual doodling in of streets in Yahoo! imagery, has rapidly turned into a collaboration of hundreds of mappers using post-quake aerial imagery.

Port-au-Prince Haiti on OpenStreetMap
Within 48 hours we had a very complete looking map of Port-Au-Prince and Carrefour. Mikel Maron drew attention to this progress with a classic before and after map comparison, and I’ve seen and heard several people expressing surprise and amazement at the speed of the OSM response. Knowing how the community works, I actually didn’t find it that surprising. In fact next time we respond to a disaster, now that people get the idea, I’d hope we could turn around this kind of mapping progress within 12 hours. (or within 12 hours of accessing good imagery).

For me the exciting thing about this past week, has been an increase in recognition of OpenStreetMap as a valuable source of map data. In a scramble to help by providing GIS expertise, many organisations have come to OpenStreetMap as the best source of data. More exciting than that (so amazing!), is to get a message of thanks from some people running search and rescue teams, who have loaded our data onto Garmin units to use on the ground. See Uses of OpenStreetMap data by crisis responders for more examples.

The important point to stress here is that OpenStreetMap is offering map resources covering the Haiti Earthquake in a variety of formats. You can browse the map as conventional fluid web interface, but our open data allows us to do so much more than that.

  • We can offer downloads of raw OSM XML data, ESRI shapefiles, Garmin img. These are listed at the top of that page. Well done to GeoFabrik for responding quickly with their specialised hiati downloads service
  • Mobile devices across many platforms can make use of our data or map images. See this section and the main ‘Software for mobile devices’ list. People heading to Haiti for rescue and recovery missions, should juice up their devices with this good stuff!
  • We can render the map in different ways. User:Ldp set up haiti.openstreetmap.nl as a custom Mapnik rendering showing building damage and refugee camps. These are special tags invented for the purposes of recording this information using OpenStreetMap’s open tagging approach
  • We can provide rendered maps tiles for use in online apps. Anyone setting up a website e.g. to help with the earthquake response, can display OpenStreetMap maps in much the same way as embedding a google map. (It’s a little known fact that you can even use Google Maps API to display OpenStreetMap tiles. See Google Maps Example)
  • We can offer maps files for printing. The list of printable files includes vector formats (SVG and PDF) and high resolution raster images offered by me! This was my main technical contribution over the past week (assuming you don’t count wiki link fiddling as technical!) I set up some hi-res map images of Port-Au-Prince and Carrefour and a script to rebuild the image with updates every hour. At the time I hadn’t noticed GeoFabrik had done the same thing, but they’re covering different areas and larger images, so it’s all a good variety of offerings.
  • We can set up other types of customised geo services for Haiti using OpenStreetMap’s raw data. Check out Open Route Service Haiti and Nominatim Search for Haiti

A lot of these things were possible using the collective expertise of the OpenStreetMap community who, uniquely, have become fully accustomed and experienced with having access to raw map data.

I mentioned 48 hours as an approximate measure of how long things took, but as ever with OpenStreetMap, things are never really complete. The mapping efforts in Haiti are very much ongoing, and you can help! Check out the Haiti project page for details. We’re mainly looking at mapping more outlying country roads, anything new you can find to sketch within the various imagery sources, but also making use of some other sources e.g. street naming from U.S. military maps. If you’re new to OpenStreetMap mapping you’re very welcome to get stuck in, but be prepared to climb a bit of a learning curve with the editing software (set aside an hour)

But we need to get the message out about the map resources I’ve listed above. I think that’s more important than encouraging people to join in with mapping at this stage The Fairfax County Urban Search & Rescue Team in their message said “Please be assured that we are using your data – I just wish we knew about this earlier”.

UPDATE: I’ve written about OpenStreetMap and Google MapMaker in Haiti in relation to the wasted duplication of effort split between the two communities (and relating some other blog posts on the topic here and here and here)

Comments (9) left to “Haiti Earthquake on OpenStreetMap”

  1. Chris Blow wrote:

    OSM has truly changed the world; the model is a textbook for anyone working on crisis data.

  2. Harry Wood joins Placr « Placr News wrote:

    […] to play an important role in OpenStreetMap developments, most recently in Brazil and following the Haiti earthquake. Harry will be working with us on API and business development. Welcome on […]

  3. The Physical World Becomes a Software Construct: Talking with Brady Forrest about Where 2.0, 2010 | UgoTrade wrote:

    […] have been two volunteer projects that have sprung up to help with that.  One being headed by the Open StreetMap Wood Foundation and many volunteers.  And then the other, Google Map Maker. And in both cases the activity around […]

  4. Haitian Hollywood wrote:

    Our people are very strong, we will rebuild again, but it’s good to see that there are still lots of good people in this world, and may God bless all those who help Haiti in this situation.

  5. Karl Foxley wrote:

    This was my first time coming across your project and the introduction to OpenStreetMaps.

    What a great project and how great to see something like this coming together at such speed during such a difficult time. I’m going to read through your other links just so I can understand it a bit better than I currently do but wanted to say well done to you and the guys who pulled together on the project.

    Warmest regards,


  6. Conversions wrote:

    Hey Harry, the article on OSM mapping is brilliant, changing the analysis for disaster, tracking and great for realtime apps too. Thanks for sharing.

  7. The Japan Quake Maps Are Useful, Educational | WebProNews wrote:

    […] for instance, the Haiti earthquake and the subsequent OpenStreetMap collaboration that, very quickly, produced an accurate post-earthquake map of populated areas that was actually used by disaster […]

  8. Praveen Rajarao wrote:

    Beautiful Concept – OSM. Thanks for bringing this into effect and sharing with all of us.

  9. Harry Wood wrote:

    Closing comments on this particular blog post because sp@mmers seem to have ceased upon it for its G rankings. I’m sorry you are no longer able to post comments on this post because of these incredibly inconsiderate selfish people. BTW if wordpress (or a plugin) offered “per post moderation” I would use that.